(Randers 1848 – 1912 Jutland)
A Danish painter of architectural interiors and topographical landscapes, Josef Theodor Hansen studied, from 1869 to 1876, at the Academy in Copenhagen, which had been the leading art school in northern Europe since the end of the eighteenth century. By 1880 he was in Paris, and the following year studied under Leon Bonnat (1833-1922). From 1882 to 1883 he travelled to Italy and Greece, before returning to Denmark, where he was based for the rest of his life. On his Mediterranean trip, he painted views of the many cities he visited, including Venice, Verona, Pavia, Florence, Rome, Palermo and Athens, a practice he continued after his return to Denmark. Two such views, one of the Palazzo Borghese, Rome and the other of Saint Mark’s, Venice, were purchased by the Copenhagen Museum of Art in 1887 and 1893, respectively. He worked in both oils and watercolours, and was also an accomplished illustrator. Among his most important works are the views he painted of the ancient and medieval sites of Cluny, which have become useful historical documents.
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