The leading painter of vedute in Rome during the eighteenth century, Giovanni Paolo Panini worked exclusively in the Eternal City. He studied under Bernedetto Luti and Andrea Locatelli, but from 1716-17 devoted himself to the painting of vedute. By 1719 he had become a member of the Accademia di San Luca, where he taught perspective drawing and which he was to head in 1754. In 1722 he received his first major commission: a set of frescoes in the Palazzo Quirinale for Pope Innocent XIII. Other important patrons in Rome included the Odescalchi, Cardinal Polignac (French Ambassador to the Holy See) and the Abbé de Canillac. Although Panini produced many different types of vedute, his most popular works are views of contemporary Rome (often representing festivals or ceremonies) and capricci of the ruined monuments of ancient Rome, which appealed greatly to Grand Tourists. However, unlike contemporary viewpainters, such as Vanvitelli and Bernardo Bellotto, his approach to topography tends more to the picturesque than the rigorous.
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