Georges Braque was born in 1882 in Argenteuil-sur-Seine, France. He grew up in Le Havre and studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts there from 1897-99. He moved to Paris and trained under a decorator there, then trained at the Academie Humbert from 1902-4. It was during this period that Braque began to paint in a more Fauvist style; his first solo show was in 1908. In 1909 Braque met Pablo Picasso, with whom he collaborated closely with until 1914. Their work in developing Cubism culminated in experimenting with collage, however the outbreak of the First World War meant that the collaboration could run no further. Braque was wounded serving in the war, and when recovering he became acquainted with Juan Gris. In 1922 he held a show at the Salon d’Automne in Paris and became widely known. He had his first retrospective in 1933 in Kunsthalle, Basel, and received first prize at the 1937 Carnegie International, Pittsburgh.
During the Second World War, Braque remained in Paris and his style became more sombre. It was during this period he made lithographs, sculpture and engravings, and during the final years of his life, designed jewellery and lithographs, as well as continuing to paint. He died in Paris in 1963.
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